University of Oregon

Craig M. Young Publications


Craig M. Young Publications

(update: March, 2013)

Edited Books and Volumes (21)

 

Emlet, R.B., S.A. Maslakova, A.L. Shanks and C.M. Young (2009). Biology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Biological Bulletin, Volume 216.

Levin, L.A., J. Barry, H. Felbeck ,C. Smith and C.M. Young (2007). Ecology of vents, seep and whale fall communities. Marine Ecology, an Evolutionary Perspective, Vol. 28.

Young, C.M. (ed.), M.E. Rice and M. Sewell (assoc. eds.) (2001). Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Academic Press, London. 646pp. (reprinted in paperback, 2006).

Young, C.M. and K.J. Eckelbarger (eds.) (1994). Reproduction, larval biology and recruitment of the deep‑sea benthos. Columbia University Press, N.Y. 336 pp.

Young, C.M. (guest ed.) (1990). Field inferences in the ecology of marine invertebrate larvae. Ophelia 32 (1‑2): 198 pp.

Ekaratne, S.U.K. and C.M. Young (in preparation). Field guide to the coral reef invertebrates of Sri Lanka. March for Conservation and the World Bank.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 35. Academic Press. 243 pp.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 36. The Biochemical Ecology of Marine Fishes. Academic Press. 351 pp.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (eds.) (1999). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 37. 277pp.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2000). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 38. Academic Press. 256 pp.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 39. Academic Press. 319 pp.

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 40. Academic Press. (361pp)

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2001). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 41. Academic Press. (232pp)

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2002). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 42. Molluscan radiation: lesser known branches. The wayward molluscs. Academic Press (308 pp).

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2002). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 43. Elsevier

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 44. Elsevier

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 45 Elsevier

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2003). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 46. Elsevier

Southward, A.J., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2004). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 47. Elsevier

Southward, A.J., C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2005). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 48. Elsevier

Southward, A.J., C.M. Young and L. Fuiman (eds.) (2006). Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 49. Elsevier

 

 

Popular Articles, Encyclopedia chapters, and miscellaneous works (10):

 

Young, C.M. (2006). The deep-sea floor. In, C. Nouvian (e.d). The deep. University of Chicago Press (illustrated coffee-table book, published in French, German, English and Italian and reviewed in New York Times).

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (2002). Induction of settlement in merozooplankton. In, Encylopedia of Life-Support Systems. EOLSS Publishers, Spain (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia chapter)

Young, C.M. (2001). Out of the frying pan and into the freezer: larvae at deep-sea vents. Natural History 110:61 (unrefereed: popular magazine article)

Goldfarb, M. and Young, C.M. (2000). Hydrothermal vent. In, McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia article)

Young, C.M. (1996). Review of: Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates (ed. by W.H. Wilson, S.A. Stricker and G.L. Shinn). Bioscience 46:460-461. (unrefereed: invited review)

Young, C.M. (1996). The origin of echinoderms, revisited. p. xv In, R.H. Emson, A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds., Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema, Rotterdam. (unrefereed: poem)

Young, C.M. (1996). Crinoidea. pp. 128-131 In, McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (unrefereed: invited encyclopedia article)

Young, C.M. (1994). Marine larval ecology gets a meeting of its own. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 9:84-85. (unrefereed: invited review)

Young, C.M. (1991). Challenging the Challenger: recent surprises in deep‑sea reproduction. Oceanus 34:54‑63. (unrefereed: invited popular article).

Young, C.M. (1987). Novelty of supply‑side ecology. Science 235:415‑416. (refereed: letter to the editor).

 

Papers in refereed journals and books (172)

 

2013:

 

Young, C.M., R.H. Emson, M.E. Rice and P.A. Tyler (2013). A paradoxical mismatch between fecundity and recruitment in deep-sea opportunists: cocculinid and pseudococculinid limpets colonizing vascular plant materials on the Bahamian Slope. Deep-sea Research II 92:36-45.

Burris, Z.P., J.P. Lord and C.M. Young (2013). Effects of the oophagous bivalve Acesta oophaga on the morphology and fecundity of its deep-sea tubeworm host, Lamellibrachia luymesi. Marine Ecology (in press)

Arellano, S.M., O.O. Lee, F. Feras, L.J. Yand, Y. Wang, C.M. Young and P.-Y. Qian (2013). Deep Sequencing of Myxilla (Ectyomyxilla) methanophila, an epibiotic sponge on cold-seep tubeworms, reveals methylotrophic, thiotrophic, and putative hydrocarbon-degrading microbial associations. Microbial Ecology 65(2):450-461.

Rouse, G.W., L.S. Jermiin, N.G. Wilson, I. Eeckhaut, D. Lanterbecq, T. Oji, C.M. Young, T. Browning, P. Cisternas, L.E. Helgen, M. Stuckey, C.G. Messing (2013). Fixed, free and fixed: the fickle phylogeny of extant Crinoidea (Echinodermata) and their Permian-Triassic origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66:161-181.

Brooke, S.D., S. Ross, J.M. Bane, H.E. Seim and C.M. Young (2013). Temperature tolerance of the deep-sea coral Lophelia pertussa from the southeastern United States. Deep-Sea Res. II 92:240-248.

Hodgson, A.N., K.J. Eckelbarger, V. Hodgson and C.M. Young (2013). Spermatozoon structure of Acesta oophaga (Limidae), a cold-seep bivalve. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 57:70-73.

 

2012:

 

Young, C.M., R. He, R.B. Emlet, Y. Li, H. Qian, S.M. Arellano, A. Van Gaest, K.C. Bennett, T. Wolf, T.I. Smart and M.E. Rice (2012). Dispersal of deep-sea larvae from the intra-American Seas: simulations of trajectories using ocean models. Integrative and Comparative Biology 52(4): 483-496.

Rice, M.E., H.F. Reichardt, J. Piraino and C.M. Young (2012). Reproduction, development, growth, and the length of larval life of Phascolosoma turnerae, a wood-dwelling deep-sea sipunculan. Invertebrate Biology 131:204-215.

Wolf, M. and C.M. Young (2012). Complete development of the Northeast Pacific Arminacean nudibranch Janolus fuscus. Biol. Bull. 222:137-149.

 

2011:

 

Bennett, K., C.M. Young and R.B. Emlet (2011). Larval development and metamorphosis of a deep-sea cidaroid sea urchin, Cidaris blakei. Marine Biology. 222:105-117.

Baker, M.C., E.Z. Ramirez-Llodra, P.A. Tyler, C.R. German, A. Boetius, E.E. Cordes, N. Dubilier, C.R. Fisher, L.A. Levin, A. Metaxas, A.A. Rowden, R.S. Santos, T.M. Shank, C.L. Van Dover, C.M. Young, A. Waren (2011). Biogeography, ecology and vulnerability of chemosynthetic ecosystems in the deep sea. In, A.D. McIntyre, ed., Life in the World’s Oceans, chapter 9.

Arellano, S.M. and C.M. Young (2011). Temperature and salinity tolerances of embryos and larvae of the deep-sea mytilid mussel “Bathymodiolus” childressi. Marine Biology 158:2481–2493

 

 

2010:

 

Arellano, S.M. and C.M. Young (2010). Pre- and post-settlement factors controlling spatial variation in recruitment across a cold-seep mussel bed. Marine Ecology Progress Ser. (in press).

Reynolds, K.C., H. Watanabe, E.E. Strong, T. Sasaki, K. Uematsu, H. Miyake, S. Kojima, Y. Suzuki, K. Fujikura, S. Kim, C.M. Young (2010). New Molluscan Larval Form: Brooding and Development in a Hydrothermal Vent Gastropod, Ifremeria nautilei (Provannidae). Biological Bulletin 219:7-11

Koppers, A.P., H. Staudigel, S.R. Hart, C. Young and J.G. Konter (2010). Spotlight: Vailuluu Seamount. In, Mountains in the Sea. Oceanography 23:164-165.

Emlet, R.B., S.A. Maslakova, A.L. Shanks, C.M. Young. (2010) Biological Bulletin Symposium: Biology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Biological Bulletin 216:201-202.

 

2009:

 

Brooke, S.D. and C.M. Young (2009). In situ measurement of survival and growth of Lophelia pertusa in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Rouse, G.W., N.G. Wilson, S.K. Goffredi, S.B. Johnson, T. Smart, C. Widmer, C.M. Young and R.C. Vrijenhoek (2009). Spawning and development in Osedax boneworms (Siboglinidae, Annelida). Marine Biology. 156:395-405.

Hodgson, A.N., K.J. Eckelbarger and C.M. Young (2009). Sperm ultrastructure and spermatogenesis in the hydrothermal vent gastropod Rhynchopelta concentrica (Peltospiridae). J. Molluscan Studies 75:159-165.

Arellano, S.M. and C.M. Young (2009). Spawning, development and the duration of larval life in a cold-seep mussel, “Bathymodiolus” childressi. Biol. Bull. 216:149-162.

Brooke, S.D. and C.M. Young (2009). Where do the embryos of Riftia pachyptila develop? Pressure tolerances, temperature tolerances, and buoyancy during prolonged embryonic dispersal Deep-sea Research II 65:15999-1606.

Brooke S,D., M. Holmes and C.M. Young (2009) Sediment tolerance of two different morphotypes of the deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa from the Gulf of Mexico. Mar Ecol Prog Series. 390:137-144.

Young, C.M. (2009). Hard-bottom communities in the deep sea. . Pp. 39-60 in, Ecology of Marine Hard-Bottom Communities, M. Wahl, ed. Springer Verlag.

 

2008:

 

Metaxas, A., R.E. Scheibling, M.C. Robinson and C.M. Young (2008). Larval development, settlement and early post-settlement behaviour of the tropical sea star Oreaster reticulatus. Bull. Mar. Sci. 83:471-480.

Tyler, P.A., S. Pendlebury, S.W. Mills, L. Mullineaux, K.J. Ecklelberter, M. Baker and C.M. Young (2008). Reproduction of gastropods from vents on the East Pacific Rise and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. J. Shellfish Research 27:107-118.

 

2007:

 

Järnegren J., Rapp H.T., Young C.M. (2007). Similar reproductive cycles and life-history traits in congeneric limid bivalves with different modes of nutrition. Marine Ecology. 28:183-192.

Järnegren J., Schander C., Sneli J-A., Rønningen V., Young C.M. (2007). Four genes, morphology and ecology – distinguishing a new species of Acesta (Mollusca; Bivalvia) from the Gulf of Mexico. Marine Biology .

Van Gaest, A.L., C.M. Young, J.J. Young, A.R. Helms and S.M. Arellano (2007). Physiological and behavioural responses of Bathynerita naticoidea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) and Methanoaricia dendrobranchiata (Polychaeta: Orbiniidae) to hypersaline conditions at a brine pool cold seep. Marine Ecology 28:199-207.

Tyler, P.A., C.M. Young and F. Dove (2007). Settlement, growth and reproduction in the deep-sea wood-boring bivalve mollusc Xylophaga depalmai. Mar. Biol. 343:151-159.

Brooke S, C.M. Young, M. Holmes (2007) Chapter 6: Biological Characterization and Studies, In: Characterization of Northern Gulf of Mexico deepwater hard bottom communities with emphasis on Lopheliacoral. Submitted as final report to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Gulf of Mexico Region. OCS Study 2007-044

 

2006:

 

Staudigel, H., S. Hart, A. Pile, B. Bailey, E. Baker, S. Brooke, L. Haucke, I. Hudson, D. Jones, A. Koppers, J. Konter, R. Lee, T. Pietsch, B. Tebo, A. Templeton, R. Zierenberg, C.M. Young (2006). Vailulu’u Seamount, Samoa: life and death on an active submarine volcano. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 103:6448-6453.

Tyler, PA, C.M. Young, E. Dolan, S.M. Arellano, S.D. Brooke and M. Baker (2006).

Gametogenic periodicity in the chemosynthetic cold-seep mussel Bathymodiolus childressi. Mar. Biol. 150:829-840.

Berger, M.A. and C.M. Young (2006). Physiological response of the cold-seep mussel Bathymodiolus childressi to acutely elevated temperature. Marine Biology 149:1397-1402.

Copley, J.T.P. and C. M. Young (2006). Seasonality and zonation in the reproductive biology and population structure of the shrimp Alvinocaris stactophila (Caridea: Alvinocarididae) at a Louisiana Slope cold seep. Marine Ecology Progress Series 315:199-209.

Young, C.M. and M. Biscoito, 2006. Disommina rugosa. In, D. Desbruyeres et al., Handbook of Hydrothermal Vent Fauna (Austria).

Pile, A.J. & C.M. Young. 2006. Consumption of bacteria by larvae of a deep-sea polychaete. Marine Ecology. 27: 15-19.

Villalobos, F.B., P.A. Tyler and C.M. Young (2006). Temperature and pressure tolerances of embryos and larvae of the Atlantic seastars Asterias rubens and Marthasterias glacialis (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): Potential for deep-sea invasion from North Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress Series 314:109-117.

Pile, A.J., and C.M. Young (2006). The natural diet of a hexactinellid sponge: benthic-pelagic coupling in a deep-sea microbial food web. Deep-Sea Research I. 53:1148-1156.

 

2005:

 

Watanabe, J. and C.M. Young (2005). Feeding habits and phenotypic changes in proboscis length in the southern oyster drill, Stramonita haemastoma, on Florida sabellariid worm reefs. Marine Biology 148:1021-1029.

Maldonado, M., C. Carmona, Z. Velásquez, A. Puig, Antonio Cruzado, A. López and C.M. Young. Siliceous sponges as a silicon sink: An overlooked aspect of the benthopelagic coupling in the marine Silicon cycle. Limnology and Oceanography 50:799-809.

Pradillon, F., N. Le Bris, B. Shillito, C.M. Young, and F. Gaill (2005). Influence of environmental conditions on early development of the hydrothermal vent polychaete Alvinella pompeijana. Journal of Experimental Biology 208: 1551-1561.

Hilario, A., C.M. Young and P.A. Tyler (2005). Sperm Storage, Internal Fertilization and embryonic dispersal in vent and Seep Tubeworms (Polychaeta: Siboglinidae: Vestimentifera). Biological Bulletin 208:20-28.

Järnegren J., Tobias C.R., Macko S.A., Young C.M. 2005. Egg predation fuels unique species association at deep sea hydrocarbon seeps. Biological Bulletin, 209, 87-93.

 

2004:

 

McCarthy, D.A. and C.M. Young (2004). Effects of water-borne gametes on the aggregation behavior of Lytechinus variegatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 283:191-198.

Brooke, S. and C.M. Young (2004). Embryogenesis and larval biology of the ahermatypic scleractinian Oculina varicosa. Marine Biology 146: 665-675.

 

2003:

 

Brooke, S. and C.M. Young (2003). Reproductive ecology of a deep-water scleractinian coral, Oculina varicosa, from the southeast Florida shelf. Continental Shelf Research 23: 847-858.

McCarthy, D.A., C.M. Young and R.H. Emson (2003). Influence of wave-induced disturbance on seasonal spawning patterns in the sabellariid polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 256:123-133.

Maldonado, M., M. Durfort, D.A. McCarthy and C.M. Young. (2003). The cellular basis of photobehavior in the tufted parencymella larva of demosponges. Marine Biology 143:427-441.

Young, C.M. (2003). Reproduction, development and life history traits. Pp. 381-426 in, P.A. Tyler, ed., Ecosystems of the World, Volume 28: Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (2003). Dispersal at hydrothermal vents: a summary of recent progress. Hydrobiologia 503:9-19.

 

2002:

 

McCarthy, D.A., R.B. Forward and C.M. Young (2002). Ontogeny of phototaxis and geotaxis during larval development of the sabellariid polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa lapidosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 241:215-220

Emson, R.H., D. Morritt, E.B. Andrews and C.M. Young (2002). Life on a hot dry beach: Behavioural , physiological and ultrastructural adaptations of the littorinid Gastropod Cenchritis (Tectarius) muricatus. Marine Biology 140:723-732..

McCarthy, D. and C.M. Young (2002). Gametogenesis and reproductive behavior in the echinoid Lytechinus variegatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 233:157-168.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (2002). Spermiogenesis and modified sperm morphology in the seepworm Methanoaricia dendrobranchiata (Polychaeta: Orbinidae) from a methane seep in the Gulf of Mexico: implications for fertilization biology. Biological Bulletin 203:134-143.

Metaxas, A., R.E. Scheibling and C.M. Young (2002). Estimating fertilization success in marine benthic invertebrates: a case study with the tropical sea star Oreaster reticulatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 226:87-101.

 

2001:

 

Pradillon, F., B. Shillito, C.M. Young and F. Gaill (2001). Temperature sensitive embryos in the thermophilic vent worm Alvinella pompejana. Nature 413:698-699.

Marsh, A., L. Mullineaux, C.M. Young and D.L. Manahan (2001). Larval dispersal potential of the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila along a deep-ocean ridge axis. Nature 411:77-80.

Tyler, P.A., A.L. Rice and C.M. Young (2000). Deep-sea biology in the 1990’s: a legacy of the Challenger expedition. In, M. Deacon, T. Rice and C. Summerhayes, eds., Understanding the Oceans. Pp. 261-271. University College London Press, London.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young, S. Brooke, E. Ramirez Llodra and P.A. Tyler (2001). Reproduction,gametogenesis and early development in the methane “ice worm” Hesoicoeca methanicola from the Louisiana Slope. Marine Biology 138:761-775.

Cloney, R.L., C.M. Young and I. Svane (2001). Chordata: Urochordata in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

Pernet, B., P.Y. Qian, C.M. Young, G. Rouse and K.J. Eckelbarger (2001). Annelida in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

Smith. N., K. Johnson and C.M. Young (2001). Platyhelminthes. in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

Emlet, R.L., C.M. Young and S.B. George (2001). Echinodermata: Echinoidea. in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

McCarthy, D.L. and C.M. Young (2001). Chordata: Cephalochordata. in, Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae, C.M. Young et al., eds. Academic Press.

 

2000:

 

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (2000). Effects of low salinity on metamorphosis in estuarine colonial ascidians. Invertebrate Biology 119:433-444.

Fisher, C.R., I.R. MacDonald, R. Sassen, C.M. Young, S.A. Macko, S. Hourdez, R.S. Carney, S. Joye and E. McMullin (2000). Methane ice worms: Hesiocaeca methanicola colonizing fossil fuel reserves. Naturwissenschaften 87:184-187.

Forward, R.B. Jr., J.M. Welch and C.M. Young (2000). Light induced larval release of a colonial ascidian. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 248:225-238.

Bauer, J.A. and C.M. Young (2000). Lesions and mortality caused by vibriosis in a deep-sea echinoid. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 39:193-199.

Tyler, P.A., C.M. Young and A. Clarke (2000). Embryonic pressure and temperature tolerances in an antarctic echinoid: potential for deep-sea invasion. Marine Ecology Progress Series .

Young, C.M. and S. George (2000). Larval development of the tropical deep-sea echinoid Aspidodiadema jacobyi: phylogenetic implications. Biol. Bull. 198:387-395.

 

1999:

 

Young, C.M. (1999). Synchrony and sociality: breeding strategies in constant and variable environments. Pp. 1-14 In, M. Whitfield, J. Matthews & C. Reynolds, eds., Aquatic life cycle strategies: survival in a variable environment. Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth.

Sewell, M.A. and C.M. Young (1999). Temperature limits to fertilization and early development in the tropical sea urchin Echinometra lucunter. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 236:291-305.

Young, C.M. (1999). Marine invertebrate larvae. Pp. 89-97 in, E. Knobil & J.D. Neill, eds., Encyclopedia of Reproduction. Academic Press, London and San Diego.

Pile, A.J. and C.M. Young (1999). Plankton availability and retention efficiencies by cold-seep symbiotic mussels. Limnology and Oceanography. 44:1833-1839.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1999). Ultrastructure of gametogenesis in a chemosynthetic mytilid bivalve (Bathymodiolus childressi) from bathyal, methane seep environment (northern Gulf of Mexico). Marine Biology 135:635-646.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1999). Effects of the duration of larval life on postlarval stages of the demosponge Sigmadocia caerulea. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 232:9-21.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1999). Reproduction and dispersal at vents and cold seeps. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 79:193-208.

 

1998:

 

Young, C.M., S.U.K. Ekaratne and J.L. Cameron (1998). Thermal tolerances of embryos and planktotrophic larvae of Archaeopneustes hystrix (Spatangoidea) and Stylocidaris lineata (Cidaroidea), bathyal echinoids from the Bahamian Slope. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 223:65-76.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). Reevaluation of stalked aplysinid ascidians with description of a new species from the Bahamian Slope. Bull. Mar. Sci. 63:417-426.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1998). Ontogenetic changes in phototaxis during larval life of the ascidian Polyandrocarpa zorritensis (Van Name, 1931). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology

Emson, R.H. and C.M. Young (1998). Structure and function of the fleshy spines in deep-sea echinothuriid sea urchins. Acta Zoologica.79:101-111.

Metaxas, A. and C.M. Young (1998). Behavior of echinoderm larvae around sharp haloclines: effects of the salinity gradient and dietary conditioning. Marine Biology 131:443-459.

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1998). Temperature and pressure tolerances in early life history stages of the genus Echinus: a mechanism for invasion and speciation in the deep sea. Deep-Sea Research 45:253-278.

Hodgson, A.N., K.J. Eckelbarger and C.M. Young (1998). Sperm morphology and spermiogenesis in the methane-seep mollusc Bathynerita naticoidea (Gastropoda: Neritimorpha) from the Louisiana Slope. Invertebrate Biology 117:199-207.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). A new species of poecilosclerid sponge (Porifera) from bathyal methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 78:1-12.

Metaxas, A. and C.M. Young (1998). Responses of echinoid larvae to food patches of different algal densities. Marine Biology 130:433-445.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1998). Limits on the bathymetric distribution of keratose sponges: a field test in deep water. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 174:123-139.

 

1997:

 

Young, C.M., M.A. Sewell, P.A. Tyler and A. Metaxas (1997). Biogeographic and bathymetric ranges of Atlantic deep-sea echinoderms and ascidians: the role of larval dispersal. Biodiversity and Conservation 6:1507-1522.

Sewell, M.A. and C.M. Young (1997). Are echinoderm egg size distributions bimodal? Biological Bulletin 193:297-305.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1997). Ultrastructure of the ovary and oogenesis in the methane-seep mollusc Bathynerita naticoidea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) from the Louisiana Slope. Invertebrate Biology 116:299-312.

Maldonado, M., S.B. George, C.M. Young and I. Vaquerizo (1997). Depth regulation in parenchymella larvae of a demosponge: relative roles of skeletogenesis, biochemical changes and behavior. Marine Ecology Progress Series 148:115-124.

Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez (1997). Agnezia monnioti and Styela gagetyleri, new deep-sea ascidians specialized for life within and below the oxygen minimum layer in the Arabian Sea. Invertebrate Biology 116:262-276.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and L. Fenaux (1997). Potential for deep-sea invasion by Mediterranean shallow-water echinoids: pressure and temperature as stage-specific dispersal barriers. Marine Ecology Progress Series 154:197-209.

Sewell, M.A., P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and C. Conand (1997). Ovarian development in the class holothuroidea: a reassessment of the tubule recruitment model. Biological Bulletin 192:17-26.

Creasey, S., A.D. Rogers, P.A. Tyler, C.M. Young and J.D. Gage (1997). The population biology and genetics of the deep-sea spider crab Encephaloides

armstrongi Wood-Mason 1891 (Decapoda: Majidae). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 352:365-379.

George, S.B., C.M. Young and L. Fenaux (1997). Proximate composition of eggs and larvae of the sand dollar Encope michelini : the advantage of higher investment in planktotrophic eggs. International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 32:11-19.

 

1996:

 

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young. (1996). Effects of physical factors on larval behavior, settlement and recruitment of four tropical demosponges. Marine Ecology Progress Series 138:169-180.

Young, C.M., E. Vazquez, A. Metaxas and P.A. Tyler (1996). Embryology of vestimentiferan tube worms from deep-sea methane/sulfide seeps. Nature 314:514-16.

Young, C.M., M. Devin, W.B. Jaeckle and S. Ekaratne (1996). The potential for ontogenetic vertical migration in larvae of deep-sea echinoids. Oceanologica Acta 19:263-271.

Maldonado, M. and C.M. Young (1996). Bathymetric patterns of sponge distribution on the Bahamian Slope. Deep-sea Research I 43:897-915.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and J.D. Gage (1996). Vertical distribution correlates with pressure tolerances of cleaving embryos in the deep-sea asteroid Plutonaster bifrons. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 76:749-757.

Tyler, P.A., A.L. Rice, C.M. Young and A. Gebruk (1996). A walk on the deep side: animals in the deep sea. Pp. 195-211 In, C.P. Summerhayes & S.A. Thorpe, eds. Oceanography: an illustrated guide. Manson Publishing, London.

 

1995:

 

Young, C.M. (1995). Behavior and locomotion during the dispersal phase of larval life. Pp. 249-277 In, L. McEdward, ed. Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. CRC Press.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1995). Responses of compound ascidian larvae to haloclines. Marine Ecology Progress Series 133:179-190.

Levitan, D.R. & C.M. Young (1995). Reproductive success in large populations: empirical measures and theoretical predictions of fertilization in the sea biscuit Clypeaster rosaceaus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 190:221-241.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler and R.H. Emson (1995). Embryonic pressure tolerances of bathyal and shallow-water echinoids from the tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. pp. 325-331 in, R.H. Emson, A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds., Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Tyler, P., C.M. Young and K. Serafy (1995). Distribution, diet and reproduction in the genus Echinus: Evidence for recent diversification? pp. 29-35 in, R.H. Emson, A.B. Smith and A.C. Campbell, eds., Echinoderm Research 1995. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Bingham, B.L. and C.M. Young (1995). Stochastic events and dynamics of a mangrove root epifaunal community. Marine Ecology PSZN I. 16:145-163.

Young, C.M. and R.H. Emson (1995). Rapid arm movements in stalked crinoids. Biological Bulletin 188:89-97.

Young, C.M. and E. Vazquez (1995). Morphology, larval development and spatial distribution of Bathypera feminalba n. sp. (Ascidiacea: Pyuridae), a new deep-water ascidian from the fjords and sounds of British Columbia. Invertebrate Biology 114:89-106.

Tyler, P.A., S.K. Bronsdon, C.M. Young and A.L. Rice (1995). Ecology and gametogenic biology of the genus Umbellula (Pennatulacea) in the North Atlantic Ocean. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 80:1-13.

Vazquez, E. and C.M. Young (1995). Rhopalaea cloneyi (Ascidiacea, Cionidae), a new deep-water ascidian from the coast of British Columbia. Journal of Zoology 238: 599-610.

 

1994:

 

Young, C.M. (1994). A tale of two dogmas: the early history of deep‑sea reproductive biology. Pp. 1‑25 in, C.M. Young and K.J. Eckelbarger, eds., Reproduction, larval biology and recruitment of the deep‑sea benthos. Columbia University Press.

Wilkie, I.C., R.H. Emson and C.M. Young (1994). Variable tensility of the ligaments in the stalk of a sea-lily. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 109A:633-641.

Young, C.M. (1994). The ecology of external fertilization in deep‑sea echinoderms. Pp. 179‑200 in, C.M. Young and K.J. Eckelbarger, eds., Reproduction, larval biology and recruitment of the deep‑sea benthos. Columbia University Press.

Barile, P.J., A.W. Stoner and C.M. Young (1994). Phototaxis and vertical migration of the queen conch (Strombus gigas Linne) veliger larvae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 183:147-162.

Emson, R.H. and C.M. Young (1994). The feeding mechanism of a brisingid sea star, Novodinea antillensis. Marine Biology 118:433-442.

 

1993:

 

Wilkie, I.C., R.H. Emson and C.M. Young (1993). Smart collagen in sea lilies. Nature 366:519‑520.

Young, C.M. and P.A. Tyler (1993). Embryos of the deep‑sea echinoid Echinus affinus require high pressure for fertilization. Limnology and Oceanography 38:178‑181.

Emson, R.H., C.M. Young and G. Patterson (1993). A fire worm with a sheltered life: the amphinomid polychaete Benthoscolex cubanus as an internal associate of bathyal sea urchins. Journal of Natural History 27:1013‑1028.

Young, C.M., Tyler, P.A., Emson, R.H. and J.D. Gage (1993). Perception and selection of macrophyte detrital falls by the bathyal echinoid Stylocidaris lineata. Deep‑sea Research 40:1475‑1486.

Lawson, G., P.A. Tyler & C.M. Young (1993). Attraction of deep‑sea amphipods to macroalgal food falls. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 169:33‑39.

Bingham, B.L. and C.M. Young (1993). Larval phototaxis in barnacles and snails associated with bathyal sea urchins. Deep‑sea Research 40:1‑12.

Dalby, J.E. and C.M. Young (1993). Variable effects of ascidian competitors on oysters in a Florida epifaunal community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 167:47-57.

Olson, R.R., J.L. Cameron and C.M. Young (1993). Larval development of the pencil urchin Phyllacanthus imperialis: a unique lecithotrophic echinopluteus. Biological Bulletin 185:77‑85.

 

1992:

 

Tyler, P.A. and C.M. Young (1992). Reproduction of marine invertebrates in stable environments: the deep‑sea model. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 22:185‑192.

Young, C.M. (1992). Episodic recruitment and cohort dominance in Bahamian echinoid populations at bathyal depths. Pp. 239‑246 in, G. Columbo et al., eds. Marine Eutrophication and Population Dynamics. Olsen & Olsen, Denmark.

Eckelbarger, K.J. and C.M. Young (1992). Comparative vitellogenesis and ultrastructure of the ovary in ten species of shallow water and bathyal sea cucumbers (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 72:759‑781.

Tyler, P.A., D.M.S. Billett, C.M. Young and L.A. Giles (1992). Pairing behavior, reproduction and diet in the deep‑sea holothurian genus Paroriza (Holothuroidea; Synallactidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 72:447‑462.

Young, C.M., P.A. Tyler, J.L. Cameron and S. Rumrill (1992). Seasonal breeding aggregations in low‑density populations of the bathyal echinoid Stylocidaris lineata. Marine Biology 113:603‑612.

Dalby, J.E. & C.M. Young (1992). Role of early post‑settlement mortality in setting the upper depth limit of ascidians in Florida fouling communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 80:221‑228.

Gerhart, D.J., D. Rittschof, I.R. Hooper, K. Eisenman, A.E. Meyer, R.E. Baier and C.Young (1992). Rapid and inexpensive quantification of the combined polar components of surface wettability: application to biofouling. Biofouling 5:251‑259.

 

1991:

 

Bingham, B.L. & C.M. Young (1991). Allelopathy and the influence of sponges on recruitment of marine invertebrate larvae. Marine Biology 109:19‑26.

Svane, I. & C.M. Young (1991). Sensory structures in tadpole larvae of the ascidians Microcosmus exasperatus Heller and Herdmania momus (Savigny). Acta Zoologica 72:129‑135.

Bingham, B.L. & C.M. Young (1991). Larval behavior of the ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata Herdman; an in situ experimental study of the effects of swimming on dispersal.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 145:189‑204.

 

1990:

 

Young, C.M. (1990). Larval predation by epifauna on temperate reefs: scale, power, and the scarcity of measurable effects. Australian Journal of Ecology 15:49‑61.

McClintock, J.M., J.L. Cameron and C.M. Young (1990). Biochemical and energetic composition of bathyal echinoids and an asteroid, holothuroid, and crinoid from the Bahamas. Marine Biology 105:175‑183.

Young, C.M. (1990). Larval ecology of marine invertebrates: a sesquicentennial history. Ophelia 32:1‑48.

 

1989:

 

Young, C.M. (1989). Larval depletion by ascidians has little effect on settlement of epifauna. Marine Biology 102:481‑489.

Young, C.M. (1989). Distribution and dynamics of an intertidal ascidian pseudopopulation. Bulletin of Marine Science 45:288‑303.

Young, C.M. (1989) Selection of predator‑free settlement sites by larval ascidians. Ophelia 30:131‑140.

Young, C.M., J.L. Cameron and K.J. Eckelbarger (1989). Extended pre‑feeding period in a planktotrophic echinoid larva from the bathyal zone of the deep sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 69:695‑702.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1989). Developmental rate as a function of depth in the bathyal echinoid Linopneustes longispinus. Pp. 225‑231 in, J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler (Eds.), Reproduction, Genetics and Distributions of Marine Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young and J.L. Cameron (1989). Ultrastructure and development of dimorphic sperm in the abyssal echinoid Phrissocystis multispina (Echinodermata: Echinoidea): implications for deep sea reproductive biology. Biological Bulletin 176:257‑271.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young and J.L. Cameron (1989). Modified sperm in echinoderms from the bathyal and abyssal zones of the deep sea. Pp. 67‑74 in, J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler (Eds.): Reproduction, Genetics and Distributions of Marine Organisms. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, Denmark.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1989). Differential predation by barnacles upon larvae of two bryozoans: spatial effects at small scales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 128:283‑294.

Eckelbarger, K.J., C.M. Young & J.L. Cameron (1989). Modified sperm ultrastructure in four species of soft‑bodied sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinothuriidae) from the bathyal zone of the deep sea. Biological Bulletin 177:230‑236.

Svane, I. and C.M. Young (1989). The ecology and behavior of ascidian larvae. Oceanography and Marine Biology, Annual Review 27:45‑90.

Davis, A.R., N.M. Targett, O.J. McConnell and C.M. Young (1989). Epibiosis of marine algae and benthic invertebrates: natural products chemistry and other mechanisms of settlement and overgrowth inhibition. Bioorganic Marine Chemistry 3:85‑114.

 

1988:

 

Young, C.M. and N.J. Gotelli (1988). Larval predation by barnacles: effects on patch colonization in a shallow subtidal community. Ecology 69:624‑634.

Young, C.M. (1988). Ascidian cannibalism correlates with larval behavior and adult distribution. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 117:9‑26.

Young, C.M., R. Gowen, C.A. Pennechetti, J. Dalby, Jr., and D. Gagliardi (1988). Distributional consequences of adhesive eggs and anural development in the ascidian Molgula pacifica. Biological Bulletin 174:39‑46.

Cameron, J.L., F.S. McEuen and C.M. Young (1988). Egg flotation rates of Araeosoma fenestratum, an echinothuriid echinoid from bathyal depths. Echinoderm Biology: Proceedings of the sixth International Echinoderm Conference. Ed. by R.D. Burke, P.V. Mladenov, P. Lambert & R.L. Parsley. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 177‑180.

 

1987:

 

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1987). Abundance and distribution of pelagic larvae, as influenced by predation, behavior, and hydrographic factors. Pages 385‑463 in, A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse and V.B. Pearse (Eds.): Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates, Vol. 9: General Aspects: Seeking Unity in Diversity. Blackwell/Boxwood, Palo Alto and Pacific Grove, California.

Young, C.M. and B.L. Bingham (1987). Chemical defense and aposematic coloration in tadpole larvae of the ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata. Marine Biology 96:539‑544.

Young, C.M. and J.L. Cameron (1987). Laboratory and in situ flotation rates of lecithotrophic eggs from the bathyal echinoid Phormosoma placenta. Deep Sea Research 34:1629‑1639.

Gotelli, N.J., F.G. Lewis and C.M. Young (1987). Body size differences in a colonizing amphipod‑mollusc assemblage. Oecologia 72:104‑08.

 

1986:

 

Young, C.M. (1986). Direct observations of field swimming behavior in tadpole larvae of the colonial ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata. Bulletin of Marine Science 39(2):279‑289.

Young, C.M. (1986). Defenses and refuges: alternative mechanisms of coexistence between a predatory gastropod and its ascidian prey. Marine Biology 91:513-522.

Young, C.M., P.G. Greenwood, and C.A. Powell (1986). The ecological role of defensive secretions in the intertidal pulmonate Onchidella borealis. Biological Bulletin 171:391‑404.

 

1985:

 

Young, C.M. (1985). Consequences of predation by the asteroid Evasterias troschellii in a soft‑sediment ascidian community. In, B.F. Keegan and B.D.S. O’Connor, eds., Echinodermata: proceedings of the fifth international echinoderm conference. pp. 577‑583. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Young, C.M. (1985). Abundance patterns of subtidal solitary ascidians in the San Juan Islands, Washington, as influenced by food preferences of the predatory snail Fusitriton oregonensis. Marine Biology 84:309‑321.

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1985). An experimental test of shadow response function in ascidian tadpoles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 85:165‑ 175.

 

1984:

 

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1984). Microhabitat‑associated variability in survival and growth of juvenile solitary ascidians during the first 21 days after settlement. Marine Biology 81:61‑68.

Chia, F.S., J. Buckland‑Nicks and C.M. Young (1984). Locomotion of marine invertebrate larvae: a review. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62:1205‑ 1222.

Chia, F.S., C.M. Young and F.S. McEuen (1984). The role of larval settlement behavior in controlling patterns of abundance in echinoderms. Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction, 3:409‑424.

 

1983:

 

Cowden, C., C.M. Young and F.S. Chia (1983). Differential predation on marine invertebrate larvae by two benthic predators. Marine Ecology Progress Series 14:145‑ 149.

 

1982:

 

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1982). Factors controlling spatial distribution of the sea cucumber Psolus chitonoides: settling and post‑ settling behavior. Marine Biology 69:195‑205.

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1982). Ontogeny of phototaxis during larval development of the sedentary polychaete Serpula vermicularis L. Biological Bulletin 162:457‑468.

 

1981:

 

Young, C.M. and F.S. Chia (1981). Laboratory evidence for delay of larval settlement in response to a dominant competitor. International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction 3:221‑226.

 

1980:

 

Young, C.M. and L.F. Braithwaite (1980). Orientation and current‑ induced flow in the stalked ascidian Styela montereyensis. Biological Bulletin 159:428‑440.

Young, C.M. and L.F. Braithwaite (1980). Larval behavior and early post‑settling morphology in the ascidian Chelyosoma productum Stimpson. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 42:157‑169.